In Turkmenistan large-scale work is under way in order to modernize the national educational system, develop university science and raise it to the level of the developed states. The “Law on Education” was adopted in the framework of the large scale support given by the state. The intensive construction of new children’s preschool establishments, secondary schools and higher educational institutions is carried out throughout the country. The latest information and communication technologies have been introduced into the educational system in order to improve the quality and effectiveness of the teaching process. Schools and universities have been equipped with modern computers and multimedia tools of teaching.

The basis for development of education and science initiated and approved by the President of Turkmenistan includes the national programme for socio-economic development for 2011-2030, the programme of development of innovative work in 2015-2020, the programme of training of scientific personnel in Turkmenistan and others.

In 2016, 35 educational institutions, including 17 secondary schools for a total of 9540 seats, 16 kindergartens for 2970 places, children's health centres for 300 places and Oguz Khan Engineering and Technology University were put into operation.

19 new specialties were introduced in the universities of Turkmenistan. 7256 people became the students of higher schools, and 8385 got accepted to secondary vocational schools.