The fundamental reform of science is carried out under the direct supervision of the President of Turkmenistan. The Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan has been restored. The Fund of Science and Technology under the Supreme Council for Science and Technology was established.

The “State Programme on Development of Scientific Sphere in Turkmenistan for 2012-2016;” councils on dissertations; provision of the laboratories of the academic institutes with modern equipment, special hardware that allowed to conduct a range of scientific researches in various areas, including physics, chemistry,  biotechnology, environment and other fields - all of this contributes to  the enhancement of the scientific-technical potential of the country.

During the years of independence, Turkmenistan has increased the number of academic institutions. These include special the Technology Center – a complex that combines research and academic institutions and other objects, as well as research institutes within the structure of the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan.

Turkmen scientists work in all major areas. They modernize the organizational-economic structure of the agro-industrial complex, engage in the introduction of scientifically grounded methods in crop rotation and work on the creation of the developed agricultural industry in order to raise high-yielding varieties of cotton, wheat and other crops. Special attention is also given to breeding of varieties of fruit trees, enrichment of gene pool of plants, development of the environmental map of the utilization of resources of “Altyn Asyr” Turkmen lake in the Garagum desert.