Turkmenistan

General information

On October 27, 1991, Turkmenistan became an independent State, and since then this date has been marked as the Independence Day. On December 12, 1995, Turkmenistan was recognized as a permanently neutral State by the resolution of the UN General Assembly with the unanimous support of 185 member States. At present Turkmenistan has established diplomatic relations with 142 countries. Turkmenistan is a democratic, law-based, secular State. The form of government is a Presiden...

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Foreign policy

Foreign policy is based on the Constitution, the Constitutional Act on the permanent neutrality of Turkmenistan, Foreign policy concept of Turkmenistan as a neutral state, other legislative acts. Turkmenistan's foreign policy is a logical extension of domestic policy and is determined by the international legal status of permanent neutrality, recognized by the United Nations. The main objectives of Turkmenistan's foreign policy are: - The preservation and streng...

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Economy

The economic growth of Turkmenistan is carried out on the basis of the national and state programs for short and long term periods. Today, Turkmenistan has the diversified, multifunctional economy presented by enterprises of power industry, oil and gas production, oil-processing, chemical and petrochemical field, mechanical engineering and metal-processing, objects for producing building materials, light and food industry. The growth rate of Turkmenistan’s GDP in the year...

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Social sphere

Transition to market relations in Turkmenistan is being carried out in the framework of the state policy that ensures the population’s social security. The country’s policy of radical social changes is aimed at the provision of the high living standard of the population. “The State is for People!” is the main slogan and the basic doctrine of the ongoing reforms in Turkmenistan. Currently, hundreds of modern hospitals, clinics, higher educational institutions, schools, kinderg...

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Healthcare

Turkmenistan has reformed and developed the field of national healthcare, giving it a status of the multipurpose system of social protection. An important part of public health policy is to consistently implement a strategy to reduce the morbidity of the population. Turkmenistan ranks first in carrying out immunization activities, occupying a leading position in the region in terms of availability of vaccines and immunization. In Turkmenistan, the vaccination is free. Hib-...

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Education

In Turkmenistan large-scale work is under way in order to modernize the national educational system, develop university science and raise it to the level of the developed states. The “Law on Education” was adopted in the framework of the large scale support given by the state. The intensive construction of new children’s preschool establishments, secondary schools and higher educational institutions is carried out throughout the country. The latest information and communicati...

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Science

The fundamental reform of science is carried out under the direct supervision of the President of Turkmenistan. The Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan has been restored. The Fund of Science and Technology under the Supreme Council for Science and Technology was established. The “State Programme on Development of Scientific Sphere in Turkmenistan for 2012-2016;” councils on dissertations; provision of the laboratories of the academic institutes with modern equipment, speci...

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Sport

Sport is a part of the social policy of Turkmenistan. In this light, new sport facilities are being constructed in Ashgabat and regional centers. They are equipped with all necessary equipment for practicing various kinds of sport. Sport schools of heavy athletics will be built in Dashoguz, Mary and Balkan regions in compliance with the highest requirements. It is planned to build a modern specialized school of chess and drafts. Regional centers and Ashgabat city will have sp...

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Culture

The activities of the Ministry of Culture of Turkmenistan are aimed at the accomplishment of tasks in accordance with the State Programme for the development of cultural sphere in Turkmenistan, which has a conceptual meaning for the formation of favourable cultural environment, which, in turn, will help to realize the cultural and spiritual potential of every individual, people and the country as a whole. The cultural policy of a State is implemented through the organizati...

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Tourism

The most important area of social policy is also the development of tourism. The main task of the State Committee on Tourism of Turkmenistan is to promote international tourism as the most profitable areas of the tourism industry. New tourist routes will be opened in order to attract more foreign tourists, as well as measures are taken to improve the quality of services. In the practice of tourism enterprises of Turkmenistan more than 200 hiking trails, intended for local...

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Avaza National Tourist Zone

In June 2009, the opening ceremony of the first facilities of the Avaza National Tourist Zone took place on the Caspian coast. The “Avaza” project initiated by President of Turkmenistan occupies a special place in the strategic plans of the country over the next decade and, therefore, is dedicated to accumulate all of the most advanced achievements of world architecture, engineering, technical design and creative ideas. Currently, the cost of constructed facilities here is mo...

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