Text of the resolution of the Council of Foreign Ministers of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) 64/48-POL of 23 March 2022 on the role of а policy of neutrality in maintaining and strengthening international peace, security and sustainable development in the OIC area and globally

RESOLUTION NO.64/48-POL

On the role of а policy of neutrality in maintaining and strengthening international peace, security and sustainable development in the OIC area and globally

The Forty-Eighth Session of the Council of Foreign Ministers of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (Session of Partnering for Unity, Justice and Development) held in Islamabad, Islamic Republic of Pakistan, on 22 - 23 March 2022 (19-20 Shabaan 1443Н).

Guided by the principles of Charters of the OIC and the United Nations on international peace and security;

Reaffirming the objectives of the Charter of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation which emphasize the common goals and destiny of the peoples of the Islamic Ummah;

Recalling the Jeddah Declaration adopted at the 41st Session of the Council of Foreign Ministers, Jeddah, June 2014 in strengthening of the OIC's role in quiet diplomacy as means of conflict prevention and resolution;

Acknowledging the relevant articles of the Charters of the OIC and the United Nations identifying methods of peaceful settlement of disputes and preventive diplomacy, such as mediation, good offices, fact-finding missions, negotiation, the use of special envoys, informal consultations, peacebuilding and targeted development activities;

Reaffirming the OIC-2025: Programme of Action, which lists "enhancing the role of the OIC in peaceful settlement of disputes, conflict prevention through preventive diplomacy, promotion of dialogue and mediation" among its goals;

Noting the Resolution No.44/44-POL on the Establishment of the OIC Contact Group on Peace and Conflict Resolution;

Recalling Resolutions of the United Nations General Assembly 50/80 А of 12 December 1995, 69/285 of 3 June 2015 on the Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan, as well as 71/275 of 2 February 2017 on the International Day of Neutrality and 75/28 of 7 December 2020 entitled "The Role and Importance of а Policy of Neutrality in Maintaining and Strengthening International Peace, Security and Sustainable Development";

Noting the outcome document of the high-level international conference on the theme "Policy of neutrality: international cooperation for peace, security and development" (the Ashgabat outcome document) adopted on 12 December 2015, and 12 December 2020;

Recognizing the positive role that neutral countries play in the provision and delivery of humanitarian assistance in situation of complex emergencies and natural disasters, ш accordance with the guiding principles for the strengthening of the coordination of humanitarian emergency ass of the United Nations, including the principle of neutrality;

Emphasizing that the implementation on the policy о[ neutrality contributes to the strengthening of international and regional stability, plays an important role in the development of peaceful, friendly and mutually beneficial relations among countries of the world;

Underlining that the countries of Central Asia, as the Members of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, plays an important role in strengthening peaceful, friendly and mutually beneficial relations among the OIC Member States, and in peacebuilding and sustaining peace regionally and globally;

Recognizing that the United Nations Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia, established in Ashgabat in December 2007 at the initiative of all Central Asian States and with the support of the international community, plays an important role in assisting the Central Asian States in addressing regional challenges by encouraging and facilitating closer cooperation among them, identifying and tackling potential sources of tension before possible escalation and responding to domestic and transnational challenges and threats to peace and security by supporting the sustainable development of the region;

Underlying the contribution of neutral Turkmenistan in the United Nations led inter-Tajik talks, through the initiative to host а continuous round of inter-Tajik talks in Ashgabat in 1995 and 1996, and in addressing conflict in Afghanistan bу hosting inter-Afghan talks and an international forum on Afghanistan in 1997 and continuing to offer the territory of Turkmenistan for further inclusive, Afghan-led dialogue on reconciliation;

1.     Recommends all OIC Member States to use, as appropriate, the peacekeeping potential of neutral States for preventive diplomacy and mediation in the peaceful settlement of disputes, conflict prevention and resolution;

2.     Emphasizes the need to build capacity for effective use of the principles of neutrality in resolving international issues, including through reinforcing the Peace, Security, and Conflict Resolution Unit (PSCU) within the OIC General Secretariat;

3.     Decides to strengthen awareness in the OIC area of the benefits of neutral policy, preventive diplomacy and mediation as а cost-effective tools for the prevention and peaceful resolution of conflicts;

 

4.     Welcomes the results of the international conference entitled "Peace and Trust Policy: Basis of International Security, Stability and Development (Peace and Trust Forum)" held in Ashgabat on 11 December 2021, dedicated to the International Day of Neutrality and the International Year of Peace and Trust, 2021, and the proposal of Turkmenistan to promote а global initiative entitled "Dialogue - а guarantee of Peace" in order to combined the efforts of the international community in consolidating the traditions of peaceful and trust-based coexistence among the nations, restoring the values, attitudes and traditions of maintaining and promoting Peace and the comprehensive establishment of а culture of Peace and trust in international relations;

5.     Support the initiative of the Government of Turkmenistan to establish within the United Nations the Group of Friends of Neutrality for peace and security, as well as to prepare а Code of Practice for the effective application of the principles of neutrality in resolving international issues, and calls upon the OIC Member states to join above­ mentioned Group of Friends;

6.     Invite all OIC Member States to mark annually the International Day of Neutrality on 12 December by means of education and the holding of events aimed at enhancing the knowledge of the public about the role and importance of а policy of neutrality in maintaining and strengthening international Peace, security and sustainable development;

7.     Requests the Secretary General to follow up on the implementation of this resolution and submit а report thereon to the 49th Session of the CFM.